penjagaan Kesuburan Lelaki
Penjagaan Kesuburan Lelaki

Langkah penjagaan Kesihatan sperma boleh dipengaruhi oleh gaya hidup dan keadaan persekitaran. Untuk menjaga kesuburan, anda perlu ambil tahu tentang faktor-faktor yang boleh menjejaskan kualiti sperma. Berikut adalah langkah-langkah yang boleh diambil untuk menjaga kesihatan sperma: Mengekalkan berat badan yang sihat dengan memilih diet yang kaya dengan antioksidan untuk menjaga BMI dan kesihatan sperma anda. Libatkan diri anda dengan aktiviti fizikal pada tahap sederhana yang akan meningkatkan tahap antioksidan yang boleh membantu melindungi sperma. Ketidaksuburan lelaki boleh juga disebabkan oleh jangkitan penyakit kelamin. Amat penting untuk anda menyedari tentang perkara ini dan mengambil langkah-langkah sewajarnya untuk mengelakkan jangkitan. Uruskan tahap tekanan psikologi anda kerana ianya dapat menurunkan fungsi seksual dan menjejaskan hormon yang diperlukan untuk menghasilkan sperma. Sekiranya anda merokok, mohon berhenti. Penyelidikan menunjukkan bahawa lelaki yang merokok lebih berpotensi untuk mempunyai bilangan sperma yang rendah. Masalah mati pucuk dan penurunan pengeluaran sperma boleh dialami oleh mereka yang minum arak atau alkohol berlebihan kerana ianya menjejaskan pengeluaran testosteron. Jika anda minum alkohol, amalkan kesederhanaan. Ubat-ubatan tertentu seperti ubat anti-depresi dan anti-androgen boleh menjejaskan kesuburan. Steroid anabolik juga boleh memberi kesan yang sama. Anda dinasihatkan untuk berunding dengan doktor tentang ubat-ubat yang anda ambil. Pendedahan kepada toksinboleh mempengaruhi kuantiti dan kualiti sperma. Sekiranya pekerjaan anda melibatkan bahan-bahan ini, ambil langkah keselamatan yang sewajarnya seperti memakai pakaian pelindung. Peningkatan suhu skrotum  akan menghalang pengeluaran sperma. Untuk memastikan suhu “sejuk”, pilih pakaian dalam yang tidak ketat, elakkan sauna dan tab mandi panas dan kurangkan pendedahan skrotum kepada objek panas seperti komputer riba. Mencari bantuan Anda mungkin telah pun mengamalkan gaya hidup sihat untuk meningkatkan kesuburan, tetapi jika setelah setahun anda melakukan hubungan kelamin tanpa perlindungan dan masih tidak lagi mendapatkan hasil yang diingini, anda dinasihati untuk merujuk kepada pakar kesuburan untuk menjalani peperiksaan. Pakar kesuburan dapat membantu mengenal pasti punca masalah dan memberi rawatan yang sesuai untuk meningkatkan peluang anda untuk mendapat cahaya mata. This blog is intended for educational purposes only. All contents here is general in nature and does not take into account your personal circumstances. Please consult with your health care professional to ensure you get the right diagnosis and treatment. (Everybody has a chance to build a family) by Dr Navdeep

Male Factor Infertility

“From the cold shoulder treatment downright to open and unabated rebuke, I have witnessed my fair share of men chastise their wives for the inability to conceive.” – Dr Navdeep Singh Pannu Dr Navdeep knows from his experience that men are as culpable to be the reason behind why a couple is unable to conceive. In this interview, he explains the reasons for infertility in men and the possible treatment for the condition. The odds It is not uncommon for the burden and blame of infertility to fall squarely on the shoulders of the female gender. The fact is, about half the time, men contribute to the problem. According to Dr Navdeep, male factor infertility is responsible in about 30 percent of couples with infertility, and male and female factors together contribute to the problem in another 30 percent. The right conditions Differing from women who are born with a reserve of eggs in their ovaries, a man’s testicles, through a process called spermatogenesis, produce millions of new sperm every day. Consequently, male fertility depends on the body making normal sperm and delivering them. However, producing mature and healthy sperm that can travel depends on many things. The following are the main causes for male infertility: (i) Sperm disorders Sperm disorders can arise from the genetic makeup that one is born with. Chromosomal abnormalities may interfere with spermatogenesis. When this happens, it leads to deficiencies in semen and semen quality. The most significant of these are low sperm concentration or count (oligozoospermia), poor sperm motility or movement (asthenozoospermia) and abnormal sperm morphology or shape (teratozoospermia). As high as 90% of male infertility problems are related to count, and there is a close association between abnormal semen parameters and sperm count. (ii) Hormonal problems Hormones produced by the pituitary gland tell the testicles to make sperm. The follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) stimulates the production of sperm and the luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates the testes to secrete the male sex hormone, testosterone. High levels of FSH and LH can indicate a failure of testicular function, whilst inadequate levels may indicate that the testes may not be receiving adequate stimulation. Testosterone produced by the testes stimulates sperm production and is required for sperm motility; while elevated levels of the hormone prolactin may result in abnormal semen production. (iii) Varicoceles A varicocele happens when veins become enlarged inside the scrotum. Out of 100 infertile men, 40 may be affected. The condition causes low sperm numbers because blood flows back into the scrotum from the belly, making the testicles too warm for making sperm. (iv) Other causes Other causes of male infertility may include male reproductive tract blockages from repeated infections, surgery (such as vasectomy), swelling or developmental defects. Certain medications given to treat health problems may change sperm production, function and delivery. The presence of antisperm antibodies may cause ‘Immunologic Infertility’ where a man’s body makes antibodies that attack his own sperm. Erectile disfunction (ED) and decreased libido may also affect male fertility, as will disorders that upset ejaculation. In some cases, male infertility can be caused by environmental factors which are less obvious such as exposure to excessive heat due to one’s occupation, as the case with truck drivers, welders, or firefighters, or habits, such as excessive use of the hot tub or tight clothing. Infertility in men can also be triggered by stress, obesity or an obsession with certain exercise regimes. Tests and treatment Male fertility diagnosis starts with a full history and physical exam in addition to blood work and semen tests. A full history-taking will include childhood illnesses, current health problems or medications that might harm sperm production. You will also be asked about your lifestyle habits and preferences which may have an effect on male fertility. The physical exam will look for problems within the male reproductive tract. Semen analysis is a routine lab test. This test will reveal sperm volume, count, concentration, movement and structure. A blood sampling will provide information on hormone levels to learn how well the testicles are producing sperm. Other tests and procedures that involve ultrasound and/or a biopsy may also be conducted. The treatment for infertility is dependent on the cause of the infertility. Many problems can be rectified with lifestyle tweaks, drugs or surgery, and this would allow conception through normal sex. In instances where the sperm count is too low to enable natural conception, Assisted Reproductive Technique (ART) such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) and In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) could be viable options. In conditions where there is no viable sperm, options that involve the use of donor sperm could be considered. Egos aside Not all male infertility is permanent or untreatable; it is not uncommon to treat infertility in men through one or a combination of actions. The pervasive issue though, according to Dr Navdeep, is the denial on the part of the male partner. He emphasised, “Having a baby is a couple effort and therefore it is important for both partners to assume equal responsibility from conception right through to child-rearing.” This blog is intended for educational purposes only. All contents here is general in nature and does not take into account your personal circumstances. Please consult with your health care professional to ensure you get the right diagnosis and treatment. (Everybody has a chance to build a family) by Dr Navdeep #DrNavdeepSinghPannu #FertilitySpecialist #MaleInfertility #MaleFertility #AssistedReproductiveTechnique #FertilityTreatment

Caring for Male Fertility

Caring for Male Fertility Care steps Sperm health can be vulnerable to lifestyle and environmental circumstances. Thus, to protect your fertility, you will need to be aware of factors that may impede sperm potency. The following are steps that you can take to care for your male fertility. •Maintain a healthy weight by opting for an antioxidant-rich diet that improves your BMI and sperm health. •Start yourself on moderate physical activities which will further increase your levels of powerful antioxidant enzymes to help protect sperm. •Infertility in men can also be caused by sexually transmitted infection. It is important that you are aware of this and take the necessary steps to avoid infection. •Manage your stress levels as stress can decrease sexual function and intervene with the hormones needed to produce sperm. •If you smoke, quit. Research has shown that men who smoke are more likely to have low sperm counts. •Heavy drinking can cause impotence and decreased sperm production because alcohol reduces testosterone production. If you drink, do so in moderation. •Certain medication such as blockers, antidepressants and antiandrogens can contribute to fertility issues. Anabolic steroids too can have the same effect. Do talk to your doctor about the medications that you are on. •Exposure to toxins and pesticides can affect sperm quantity and quality. If you work with toxins, take the necessary safety precautions including wearing protective clothing. •Increased scrotal temperature can hinder sperm production. To keep things “cool”, wear loose-fitting underwear, avoid saunas and hot tubs, and limit scrotum exposure to warm objects such as laptops. Seeking help If you have adopted healthy lifestyle practices to promote your fertility but still have not achieved the desired results after a year of unprotected sex, you might consider being evaluated for infertility. A fertility specialist can help identify the cause of the problem and provide treatments that place you and your partner on the road to parenthood. This blog is intended for educational purposes only. All contents here is general in nature and does not take into account your personal circumstances. Please consult with your health care professional to ensure you get the right diagnosis and treatment. (Everybody has a chance to build a family) by Dr Navdeep #DrNavdeepSinghPannu #FertilitySpecialist #MaleInfertility #MaleFertility #AssistedReproductiveTechnique #FertilityTreatment